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Taconite: "Iron Country: Iron Ore and Minnesota's Future" 1952 Lake Superior Industrial Bureau
 
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more at http://news.quickfound.net/cities/minneapolis.html How taconite will save Minnesota iron mining. "Produced to reassure Minnesotans that iron mining would continue to spur economic development." Public domain film from the Prelinger Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_Range The Iron Range is an informal and unofficially designated region that makes up the northeastern section of Minnesota in the United States. It is a region with multiple distinct bands of iron ore. The far eastern area, containing the Duluth Complex along the shore of Lake Superior, and the far northern area, along the Canadian border, of the region are not associated with iron ore mining. Due to its shape, the area is collectively referred to as the Arrowhead region of the state. The area consists of seven counties: Aitkin, Carlton, Cook, Itasca, Koochiching, Lake, and Saint Louis... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesabi_Range The Mesabi Iron Range is a vast deposit of iron ore and the largest of four major iron ranges in the region collectively known as the Iron Range of Minnesota. Discovered in 1866, it is the chief deposit of iron ore in the United States. The deposit is located in northeast Minnesota, largely in Itasca and Saint Louis counties. It was extensively worked in the earlier part of the 20th century. Extraction operations declined throughout the mid-1970s but rebounded in 2005. China's growing demand for iron, along with the falling value of the US dollar versus other world currencies, have made taconite production profitable again, and some mines that had closed have been reopened, while current mines have been expanded... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taconite Taconite is a variety of iron formation, an iron-bearing (over 15% iron) sedimentary rock, in which the iron minerals are interlayered with quartz, chert, or carbonate. Newton Horace Winchell, the Minnesota State Geologist, coined the term during his pioneering investigations of the Precambrian Biwabik Iron Formation of northeastern Minnesota. He noted the rock had a superficial resemblance to iron-bearing rocks from the Taconic Mountains of New York. The iron content of taconite, commonly present as finely dispersed magnetite, is generally 25 to 30%.... In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the United States was mining such an abundance of iron ore of high quality that taconite was considered an uneconomic waste product. By the end of World War II, however, much of the high-grade iron ore in the United States had been exhausted. Taconite became valued as a new source of the metal... The Mesabi Iron Range region of the American state of Minnesota is a major production area. The taconite iron ore pellets are hauled by railroad to the ports of Silver Bay, Two Harbors and the Twin Ports of Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin, all on Lake Superior. The docks at Escanaba, Michigan, on Lake Michigan, also ship taconite from the Marquette iron range in Michigan, and occasionally ore from Minnesota is hauled by rail there. Marquette, Michigan also has a taconite dock which also loads bulk freighters with ore from the Marquette iron range. The ore is generally shipped by lake freighters to locations on the lower Great Lakes. Many steelmaking centers are located near Lake Erie. Due to increased international demand, taconite is shipped to Mexico and China...
Views: 6430 Jeff Quitney
United States Forest Service sponsored Zaagkii Project featured on Pollinator Live
 
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USFS Sucess Story: Zaagkii Wings & Seeds - An Update http://www.fs.fed.us/r9/ssrs/story?id=5076 Zaagkii Wings & Seeds Project http://www.fs.fed.us/r9/ssrs/story?id=4025 The United States Forest Service sponsored Zaagkii Wings and Seeds Project in Michigan's Upper Peninsula was featured during a Pollinator Live Web Seminar took on April 13, 2010. This is part of the presentation about the Zaagkii Project as narrated by Jan Schultz, USFS Botany, Non-native Invasive Species Program Manager at the USDA Forest Service Eastern Region in Milwaukee. Presenters: Thelma Redick, Director of Conservation Education and Outreach with the Wildlife Habitat Council Dr. John Pickering, an ecology professor at the University of Georgia Nancy Lowe, outreach coordinator for Bee Hunt for Discover Life Jan Schultz, Program Leader Botany & NNIS Eastern Region U.S. Forest Service. The presentation focused how pollinators, particularly bees, can be used to teach standards based science and get students actively engaged with their work and the outdoors. Jan Schultz, USFS Botany, Non-native Invasive Species Program Manager USDA Forest Service Eastern Region 626 Wisconsin Avenue, 7th Floor Milwaukee, WI 53203 1-414-297-1189 (office) 1-414-944-3963 (fax) [email protected] Link to view the web seminar in various formats: http://learningcenter.nsta.org/products/symposia_seminars/PollinatorLive/webseminar2.aspx See this Web Seminar's Archive PowerPoint Presentation (19.7 MB) Presentation - PDF version (5.66 MB) Add this Web Seminar Archive to your NSTA Learning Center Library Pollinator Live http://pollinatorlive.pwnet.org/index.php Pollinator Live on Twitter: http://twitter.com/PWNetwork Tamberly Conway, M.S. [email protected] Tamberly Conway, M.S. Conservation Education Coordinator National Forests and Grasslands in Texas 415 S. First St., Suite 110 Lufkin, TX 75901-3801 1-936-639-8558 (office) 1-337-304-5872 (cell) 1-936-639-8588 (fax) Phone: W.O.(PollinatorLIVE) 1-202-401-4063 Natures Partners: Pollinators, Plants, and You http://www.nappc.org/curriculum Bee Hunt! http://www.discoverlife.org/bee Pollinators Wanted Posters Courtesy The Xerces Society: http://www.xerces.org/bumblebees http://www.xerces.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/wanted_affinis.pdf http://www.xerces.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/wanted_occidentalis.pdf http://www.xerces.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/wanted_terricola.pdf To view cool macro (close up) shots of pollinators with the pollen beads like marbles are taken by John Kimbler, a friend of the Zaagkii Project: http://dalantech.deviantart.com/gallery/#Bees-and-Wasps http://www.johnkimbler.com Gina Boltz is editor of Native Village, and a big Zaagkii Project (and pollinator) supporter and fighter for Native American youth is http://www.nativevillage.org [email protected] Zaagkii Project videos: http://www.youtube.com/ZaagkiiTV http://zaagkiitv.blip.tv Zaagkii Project blogs: http://zaagkiiproject.wordpress.com http://zaagkiiproject.blogspot.com Stories and other info about Zaagkii Project: http://www.nativeradio.com/news/community.cfm http://www.zimbio.com/The+Zaagkii+Wings+and+Seeds+Project/articles/15/Zaagkii+Wings+Seeds+Project+Northern+Michigan Links to some of the Zaagkii Project news stories: Indian Country Today Part #1 Pollinating preservation http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/28395844.html Indian Country Today Part #2 Sand Point to get new look: Zaagkii Project to restore Native plants along Lake Superior http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/home/content/28284129.html Native Village: http://www.nativevillage.org/Messages%20from%20the%20People/KBIC%20Tribal%20Youth%20Zaagkii%20Project/Teens%20Help%20with%20Sweet%20Nature%20Project.htm Sault Ste. Marie band of Chippewa Indians newspaper pdf (Page 7 is Zaagkii story) http://www.saulttribe.com/index2.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=959&Itemid=2 Tree Hugger: http://www.treehugger.com/files/2008/10/zaagkii--wings-seeds-project.php Mining Journal (Marquette, MI daily newspaper): U.P. teens build butterfly houses, grow 26,000 indigenous plants http://www.miningjournal.net/page/content.detail/id/519835.html?nav=5001 Effort to protect pollinators launched http://www.miningjournal.net/page/content.detail/id/512810.html Increasing numbers of Native Americans attend NMU http://www.miningjournal.net/page/content.detail/id/532551.html
Views: 459 ZaagkiiTV
Zaagkii Wings & Seeds Project: Northern Michigan teens, KBIC tribal youth protect pollinators
 
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Marquette, MI - Northern MI teens in are continuing their mission to protect pollinators during 2009 by helping butterflies & restoring native plants to areas of the Upper Peninsula. Billions of these bees are dying across the world in a syndrome called Colony Collapse Disorder & its not clear why - although human impact on the environment are among the suspected causes. A world without bees would mean world without food as was dramatically pointed out in the Jerry Seinfield 2007 comedy Bee movie. Bees go on strike causing plants across the world die - that means no food, no flowers, no trees - the death of civilization. After bees, the next best pollinators are butterflies. Marquette, MI area teens & Native American youth spent the summer of 2008 building butterfly houses - that are longer & slimmer than birdhouses & are lined with bark. Teens participating in the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community Summer Youth Program built & painted the houses at the tribes Natural Resource Department along Lake Superior. KBIC Natural Resource Department Director Todd Warner said the Zaagkii Project is a good way for youth to become aware of their connection to natural resources & nature. The butterfly houses offer protection to butterflies that can enter thru tiny slits. Butterfly houses also offer rest to migrating monarchs & can be used for reproduction. Marquette teens have planted or distributed 26,000 native plant including at the Hiawatha National Forest greenhouse in Marquette. In the spring of 2009 some of the plants will be planted at several areas across northern MI including at Sand Point - a beach that the KBIC has been repairing from the effects of copper mining. About 100 years ago, the mine dumped copper processing waste into Lake Superior polluting miles of shoreline. KBIC capped the pollution & the native plants will be used to attract wildlife & restore the ecosystem. The Zaagkii Project was founded by the non- profit Cedar Tree Institute in Marquette that has sponsored numerous environment projects. The Zaagkii Project is sponsored by the CTI, Marquette County Juvenile Court, KBIC & the United States Forest Service. Future videos will include a look at a bee farm in Marquette County that fascinated Zaagkii Project teens who learned about the importance of pollinators. Contributors Inlcude: Marquette Community Foundation, Negaunee Community Fund, Negaunee Community Youth Fund, M.E. Davenport Foundation, Kaufman Foundation, Phyllis & Max Reynolds Foundation, Upper Peninsula Children's Museum, Borealis Seed Company in Big Bay, Mich. Im Greg Peterson, Zaagkii TV KBIC Tribal Chair Warren C. Chris Swartz Jr. 906-353-6623 KBIC Natural Resource Department (NRD) Todd Warner, NRD Director Evelyn Ravindran, NRD Natural Resources Specialist 906-524-5757 Kim Klopstein, KBIC Summer Youth Program 906-201-0020 United State Department of Agriculture United States Forest Service Eastern Region Milwaukee, WI. Jan Schultz, Botany & Non-native Invasive Species Program Leader 414-297-1189 Angie Lucas, contractor Hiawatha National Forest Greenhouse Manager 906-228-8491 Hiawatha National Forest Office Terry Miller, forest botanist Escanaba, MI 906-789-3319 Deb LeBlanc, West Side Plant Ecologist Munising, MI. Monarch Workshops 906-387-251 Beekeeper Jim Hayward Negaunee, MI 906-475-7582 Cedar Tree Institute 906-228-5494 http://www.cedartreeinstitute.org Marquette County Juvenile Court: http://www.co.marquette.mi.us/probate.htm http://www.co.marquette.mi.us/courts.htm Marquette/Negaunee community foundations 906-226-7666 http://www.mqt-cf.org Borealis Seed Company Big Bay, Mich. http://www.ltbbodawa-nsn.gov/index.html Upper Peninsula Children's Museum http://www.upcmkids.org Bee Movie created in 2007 by Jerry Seinfeld & DreamWorks Animation http://www.beemovie.com Monarch Watch:: http://monarchwatch.orgMonarch Author Lynn M. Rosenblatt http://www.monarchbutterflyusa.com/Magic.htm Austin, Texas Honeybee video courtesy: Johnnie Hargrave Photos by Richard Burkmar; Paul Billiet & Shirley Burchill Wikipedia photos by (Usernames when real name not available): Tübingen-Hagelloch, Björn Appel, Warden, Debi Vort, Kristof Van der Poorten, John Severns, Waugsberg, Kenneth Dwain Harrelson, Derek Ramsey, John O'Neill http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pollinator_decline http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colony_Collapse_Disorder Zaagkii Blog: http://zaagkiiproject.wordpress.com Zaagkii news: http://www.miningjournal.net/page/content.detail/id/519835.html?nav=5001 http://www.saulttribe.com/index2.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=959&Itemid=266 http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/28395844.html http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/home/content/28284129.html http://nativetimes.bizweb5.tulsaconnect.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=439&Itemid=0 http://indiancountrynews.net/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=5028
Views: 2814 ZaagkiiTV
LIVE: Confirmation hearing for Supreme Court nominee Judge Brett Kavanaugh (Day 2)
 
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Confirmation hearing for Supreme Court nominee Judge Brett #Kavanaugh (Day 2, PArt 1) - LIVE at 9:30am ET on C-SPAN3, C-SPAN Radio & online here: https://cs.pn/2NRS3KW
Views: 120172 C-SPAN
Christ and the Pelican Chick
 
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Featured Speaker: Elizabeth Johnson, C.S.J. This video is part of the BCSTM Continuing Education Encore Events Archive. Visit http://www.bc.edu/encore to view this video and others like it. Respondent: Susan Reynolds January 31, 2015 To continue the conversation check out the Crossroads course "The Online Book Club: Laudato Si" https://goo.gl/QVWe1d Description: This lecture explores the nature of cosmic redemption and addresses the question of whether Christian hope can extend beyond its traditional anthropomorphic focus to include other living species and the cosmos as a whole. In light of technological innovation and ecological crises, Elizabeth Johnson, C.S.J., considers how Christ's resurrection was a transformative event for all of creation as a result of God's decision to personally enter into creation as flesh. This lecture also includes a response from STM graduate student Susan Reynolds, who views human interaction with and stewardship for the created world through the lens of the preferential option for the poor. Sponsored by Lumen et Vita, the graduate student journal of the Boston College School of Theology and Ministry. Elizabeth Johnson, C.S.J., is Distinguished Professor of Theology at Fordham University.
WPT University Place - Wisconsin Agriculture: A History
 
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Jerry Apps, Author, "Wisconsin Agriculture: A History," explores the interconnection of landscape, weather, settlement patterns, governmental regulations, policies, research and education depict the history of agriculture in Wisconsin. Explore the full archive of WPT's University Place lectures online at http://wpt.org/universityplace .
Former Packer LeRoy Butler visits Menards
 
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Former Green Bay Packer LeRoy Butler visits Menards in Marquette.
Views: 752 TheMiningJournal
DNC - Future Forum Detroit
 
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Views: 5525 The Democrats
Grand Rapids, Michigan
 
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Grand Rapids is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is located on the Grand River about 25 miles east of Lake Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 188,040. In 2010, the Grand Rapids metropolitan area had a population of 1,005,648, and the combined statistical area of Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland had a population of 1,321,557. Grand Rapids is the county seat of Kent County, Michigan, second largest city in Michigan (after Detroit), and the largest city in West Michigan. A historic furniture-manufacturing center, Grand Rapids is still home to five of the world's leading office furniture companies, and is nicknamed Furniture City. Its more common modern nickname of River City refers to the landmark river for which it was named. The city and surrounding communities are economically diverse, and contribute heavily to the health care, information technology, automotive, aviation, and consumer goods manufacturing industries, among others. Grand Rapids was the home of The First Family of U.S, Boxing: Floyd Sr., Jr., Jeff, and Roger Mayweather, World Championship Boxer James Toney, singer and song writer Anthony Kiedis, the filmmakers Paul Schrader and Leonard Schrader, the singer Al Green and U.S. President Gerald Ford, who—along with his wife Betty—is buried on the grounds of the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum in Grand Rapids. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 258 Audiopedia
Irish American | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Irish American Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Irish Americans (Irish: Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are an ethnic group comprising Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics. About 33 million Americans — 10.5% of the total population — reported Irish ancestry in the 2013 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. This compares with a population of 6.7 million on the island of Ireland. Three million people separately identified as Scotch-Irish, whose ancestors were Ulster Scots and Anglo-Irish Protestant Dissenters who emigrated from Ireland to the United States. However, whether the Scotch-Irish should be considered Irish is disputed.
Views: 106 wikipedia tts
Governors, Senators, Diplomats, Jurists, Vice President of the United States (1950s Interviews)
 
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Interviewees: John Sherman Cooper, politician, jurist, and diplomat from the U.S. state of Kentucky Herbert O'Conor, a Democrat, was the 51st Governor of Maryland in the United States from 1939 to 1947. He also served in the United States Senate, representing Maryland from 1947 to 1953. Homer S. Ferguson, United States Senator from Michigan Hubert Humphrey, served under President Lyndon B. Johnson as the 38th Vice President of the United States. Humphrey twice served as a United States Senator from Minnesota, and served as Democratic Majority Whip. He was a founder of the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party and Americans for Democratic Action. He also served as Mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota from 1945 to 1948. Humphrey was the nominee of the Democratic Party in the 1968 presidential election but lost to the Republican nominee, Richard Nixon. Irving Ives, American politician. A member of the Republican Party, he served as a United States Senator from New York from 1947 to 1959. He was previously a member of the New York State Assembly for sixteen years, serving as Minority Leader (1935), Speaker (1936), and Majority Leader (1937--1946). A moderate Republican, he was known as a specialist in labor and civil rights legislation. John Sparkman, American politician from the U.S. state of Alabama. A Southern Democrat, Sparkman served in the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate from 1937 until 1979. He was the Democratic Party's nominee for Vice President as Adlai Stevenson's running mate in the 1952 U.S. presidential election. Joseph McCarthy, American politician Joseph Raymond "Joe" McCarthy (November 14, 1908 -- May 2, 1957) was an American politician who served as a Republican U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin from 1947 until his death in 1957. Beginning in 1950, McCarthy became the most visible public face of a period in which Cold War tensions fueled fears of widespread Communist subversion. He was noted for making claims that there were large numbers of Communists and Soviet spies and sympathizers inside the United States federal government and elsewhere. Ultimately, his tactics and inability to substantiate his claims led him to be censured by the United States Senate. The term McCarthyism, coined in 1950 in reference to McCarthy's practices, was soon applied to similar anti-communist activities. Today the term is used more generally in reference to demagogic, reckless, and unsubstantiated accusations, as well as public attacks on the character and/or patriotism of political opponents. Born and raised on a Wisconsin farm, McCarthy earned a law degree at Marquette University in 1935 and was elected as a circuit judge in 1939, the youngest in state history. At age 33, McCarthy volunteered for the United States Marine Corps and served during World War II. He successfully ran for the United States Senate in 1946, defeating Robert M. La Follette, Jr. After three largely undistinguished years in the Senate, McCarthy rose suddenly to national fame in February 1950 when he asserted in a speech that he had a list of "members of the Communist Party and members of a spy ring" who were employed in the State Department. McCarthy was never able to prove his sensational charge. In succeeding years, McCarthy made additional accusations of Communist infiltration into the State Department, the administration of President Harry S. Truman, Voice of America, and the United States Army. He also used charges of communism, communist sympathies, or disloyalty to attack a number of politicians and other individuals inside and outside of government. With the highly publicized Army--McCarthy hearings of 1954, McCarthy's support and popularity faded. On December 2, 1954, the Senate voted to censure Senator McCarthy by a vote of 67 to 22, making him one of the few senators ever to be disciplined in this fashion. McCarthy died in Bethesda Naval Hospital on May 2, 1957, at the age of 48. The official cause of death was acute hepatitis; it is widely accepted that this was caused, or at least exacerbated, by alcoholism. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_mccarthy
Views: 30702 The Film Archives
Madison, Wisconsin | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Madison, Wisconsin Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Madison is the capital of the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the seat of Dane County. As of July 1, 2017, Madison's estimated population of 255,214 made it the second-largest city in Wisconsin, after Milwaukee, and the 82nd-largest in the United States. The city forms the core of the United States Census Bureau's Madison Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Dane County and neighboring Iowa, Green, and Columbia counties. The Madison Metropolitan Statistical Area's 2010 population was 568,593. Founded in 1829 on an isthmus between Lake Monona and Lake Mendota, Madison was named the capital of the Wisconsin Territory in 1836 and became the capital of the state of Wisconsin when it was admitted to the Union in 1848. That same year, the University of Wisconsin was founded in Madison and the state government and university have become the city's two largest employers. The city is also known for its lakes, restaurants, and extensive network of parks and bike trails, with much of the park system designed by landscape architect John Nolen. Since the 1960s, Madison has been a center of political liberalism. Though Wisconsin is regarded as a "battleground" or "swing" state in elections, Madison and Dane County have supported every Democratic Party presidential nominee since John F. Kennedy in 1960, with the party's most recent nominees, Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton, carrying Dane County with over 70 per cent of the vote in 2008, 2012, and 2016.
Views: 13 wikipedia tts
University of Wisconsin–Madison | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: University of Wisconsin–Madison Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The University of Wisconsin–Madison (also known as University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, UW, or regionally as UW–Madison, or simply Madison) is a public research university in Madison, Wisconsin. Founded when Wisconsin achieved statehood in 1848, UW–Madison is the official state university of Wisconsin, and the flagship campus of the University of Wisconsin System. It was the first public university established in Wisconsin and remains the oldest and largest public university in the state. It became a land-grant institution in 1866. The 933-acre (378 ha) main campus, located on the shores of Lake Mendota, includes four National Historic Landmarks.UW–Madison is organized into 20 schools and colleges, which enrolled 30,361 undergraduate and 14,052 graduate students in 2018. The University employs over 21,600 faculty and staff. Its comprehensive academic program offers 136 undergraduate majors, along with 148 master's degree programs and 120 doctoral programs.The UW is one of America's Public Ivy universities, which refers to top public universities in the United States capable of providing a collegiate experience comparable with the Ivy League. UW–Madison is also categorized as a Doctoral University with the Highest Research Activity in the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. In 2012, it had research expenditures of more than $1.1 billion, the third highest among universities in the country. Wisconsin is a founding member of the Association of American Universities. As of October 2018, 25 Nobel laureates and 2 Fields medalists have been associated with UW-Madison as alumni, faculty, or researchers. Among the scientific advances made at UW-Madison are the single-grain experiment (which marked the birth of modern nutrition science), the discovery of vitamins A and B by Elmer McCollum and Marguerite Davis, the discovery of the anticoagulant medication warfarin by Karl Paul Link, the first chemical synthesis of a gene by Har Gobind Khorana, the discovery of the retroviral enzyme reverse transcriptase by Howard Temin, and the first synthesis of embryonic stem cells by James Thomson.The Wisconsin Badgers compete in 25 intercollegiate sports in the NCAA Division I Big Ten Conference and have won 28 national championships.
Views: 13 wikipedia tts