Come along on a tour of the National Cryptologic Museum with Becky and myself! This museum is free and has a lot of neat exhibits! The National Cryptologic Museum is located near the NSA headquarters in Annapolis Junction, Maryland. The address is 8290 Colony Seven Rd, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701. I filmed this video on 10/7/2017. More Info: https://cryptologicfoundation.org https://www.nsa.gov/about/cryptologic-heritage/museum/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Cryptologic_Museum
Views: 350 Jacob Smith
Slideshow of high definition pictures taken of the National Security Agency's Cryptologic Museum in Annapolis Junction, Maryland, United States of America, on Wednesday, October 19, 2017 at around noon time, with an original music soundtrack. Please like, comment, subscribe, share, and check out our Instagram Upcloseanddetailed, Facebook Upclose Detailed and Twitter UpcloseDetailed -- thanks for visiting our channel!
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Afternoon at the College Park Aviation Museum in Maryland. I hesitated paying the 4 buck fee to get in because I have already been to the Air and Space Museum in D.C. and in Virginia. This museum is much smaller, but it turned out to be worth it. There were several simple simulators there that one can access. You could also get inside the cockpit of one of the planes and use the controls to move the ailerons, elevators and rudders. Simple, but pretty cool!
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From VOA Learning English, this is EXPLORATIONS in Special English. I'm Jeri Watson. And I'm Jim Tedder. Today we visit a small museum in the American state of Maryland. It is called the National Cryptologic Museum. There you will find information that was once secret. The National Cryptologic Museum is on Fort George G. Meade, a military base near Washington, DC. It tells the story of cryptology and the men and women who have worked in this unusual profession. The word cryptology comes from the Greek "kryptos logos." It means "hidden word." Cryptology is writing or communicating in ways designed to hide the meaning of your words. The museum has many examples of equipment that was once used to make information secret. It also has equipment that was developed to read secret messages. The method of hiding exact meanings is called coding. People have used secret codes throughout history to protect important information. One display at the museum explains American attempts to read Japanese military information during World War Two. Japan's Navy used special machines to change its written information into secret codes. This coded information was then sent by radio to navy ships and military bases. The information included secret military plans and orders. The leaders of the Japanese Navy believed no one could read or understand the secret codes. They were wrong. Americans were working very hard to learn the Japanese code. The United States urgently needed to break the code to learn what Japan was planning. In 1940, an American woman named Genevieve Grotjan found some information being repeated in Japanese coded messages. At the time, she was a civilian working for the government in Washington, DC. Her discovery helped the United States understand secret Japanese diplomatic messages. After the United States understood the code, it was possible to study messages from the Japanese ambassador to Germany and to his supervisors in Japan. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, an American Naval officer named Joseph Rochefort struggled to understand the Japanese navy code. He worked on the American base at Pearl Harbor. It was early in 1942. The American naval commander in the Pacific Ocean was Chester Nimitz. His forces were much smaller than the Japanese Naval forces. And the Japanese had been winning many victories. Joseph Rochefort had worked for several months to read the secret Japanese Naval code called JN-25. If he could understand enough of the code, he would be able to give Admiral Nimitz very valuable information. The admiral could use this information to plan for battle. By the early part of the year, Mr. Rochefort and the men who worked with him could read a little less than 20 percent of the Japanese JN-25 code. Joseph Rochefort had the evidence he needed. "AF" was now known to be the island of Midway. He also told Admiral Nimitz the Japanese would attack Midway on June third. The admiral secretly moved his small force to an area near Midway and waited for the Japanese Navy. The battle that followed was a huge American victory. Experts now say the Battle of Midway was the beginning of the American victory in the Pacific. That victory was possible because Joseph Rochefort learned to read enough of the Japanese code to discover the meaning of the letters "AF." One American code has never been broken. Perhaps it never will. It was used in the Pacific during World War Two. For many years the government would not discuss this secret code. Listen for a moment to this very unusual code. Then you may understand why the Japanese military forces were never able to understand any of it. The code is in the voice of a Native American. The man you just heard is singing a simple song in the Navajo language. Very few people outside the Navajo nation are able to speak any of their very difficult language. At the beginning of World War Two, the United States Marine Corps asked members of the Navajo tribe to train as Code Talkers. The Cryptologic Museum says the Marine Corps Code Talkers could take a sentence in English and change it into their language in about 20 seconds. A code machine needed about 30 minutes to do the same work. The Navajo Code Talkers took part in every battle the Marines entered in the Pacific during World War Two. The Japanese were very skilled at breaking codes. But they were never able to understand any of what they called "The Marine Code." Perhaps the most famous is a World War Two German code machine called the Enigma. The word "enigma" means a puzzle or a problem that is difficult to solve. The German military used the Enigma machine to communicate orders and plans. The United States, Britain, and the government of Poland cooperated in learning to read information sent by the Enigma. It took thousands of people and cost millions of dollars to read the Enigma information. This is a VOA product and is in the public domain
Views: 6348 ListenAndReadAlong
Our story is told, but it lives again through a variety of relics that open the doors for us to a different era. Discover the fascinating history of the fortifications of Québec through our guided tours! Cette vidéo est aussi disponible en français à https://youtu.be/p5SuZXQ_SpA
Views: 491 Parks Canada
The Library of Congress Veterans History Project (VHP) will host a reunion of a special group of changemakers—the women who served as top secret code breakers during World War II, more commonly known as “Code Girls.” This event is believed to be the first national reunion of these women, all of whom are nonagenarians. Guest speakers include “Code Girls” Nancy Tipton and Suzanne Embree, New York Times bestselling author Liza Mundy, and television personality Bill Nye, whose late mother was a “Code Girl.” The “Code Girls” were originally recruited as young college students with high aptitudes in mathematics and linguistics, and are credited with cracking the secret codes that helped lead the United States to victory. Due to the sensitive nature of their work, the women’s achievements and patriotic service was at risk of being lost to history until Mundy, citing VHP collections and other sources, published her widely popular book, Code Girls: The Untold Story of the American Women Code Breakers of World War II (Hachette Books, 2017).
Views: 1072 LibraryOfCongress
Maroon PR President John Maroon appeared on the Baltimore Public Relations Council Panel with Sandy Hillman of Sandy Hillman Communications and Steve Himmelrich of Himmelrich PR to discuss social media and it's impact on public relations. The event took place at the Maryland Women's Heritage Center in downtown Baltimore.
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The Johns Hopkins University (commonly referred to as Johns Hopkins, JHU, or simply Hopkins) is a private research university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1876, the university was named for its first benefactor, the American entrepreneur, abolitionist, and philanthropist Johns Hopkins. His $7 million bequest—of which half financed the establishment of The Johns Hopkins Hospital—was the largest philanthropic gift in the history of the United States at the time. Daniel Coit Gilman, who was inaugurated as the institution's first president on February 22, 1876, led the university to revolutionize higher education in the U.S. by integrating teaching and research. The first research university in the Western Hemisphere and one of the founding members of the American Association of Universities, Johns Hopkins has ranked among the world’s top universities throughout its history. The National Science Foundation has ranked the university #1 among U.S. academic institutions in total science, medical, and engineering research and development spending for 31 consecutive years. Johns Hopkins is also tied for #12 in the U.S. News and World Report undergraduate program rankings. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
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Liza Mundy recently published "Code Girls: The Untold Story of the American Women Code Breakers of World War II." Using the Veterans History Project collections, she was able to gather background information and research context. Mundy will give a talk on the book and the process she went through to conduct her research at the Library of Congress.
Views: 3839 LibraryOfCongress
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Johns Hopkins University Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Johns Hopkins University is an American private research university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1876, the university was named for its first benefactor, the American entrepreneur, abolitionist, and philanthropist Johns Hopkins. His $7 million bequest (approximately $141.2 million in today's dollars)—of which half financed the establishment of Johns Hopkins Hospital—was the largest philanthropic gift in the history of the United States at that time. Daniel Coit Gilman, who was inaugurated as the institution's first president on February 22, 1876, led the university to revolutionize higher education in the U.S. by integrating teaching and research. Adopting the concept of a graduate school from Germany's ancient Heidelberg University, Johns Hopkins University is considered the first research university in the United States. Over the course of several decades, the university has led all U.S. universities in annual research and development expenditures. In fiscal year 2016, Johns Hopkins spent nearly $2.5 billion on research.Johns Hopkins is organized into 10 divisions on campuses in Maryland and Washington, D.C. with international centers in Italy, China, and Singapore. The two undergraduate divisions, the Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences and the Whiting School of Engineering, are located on the Homewood campus in Baltimore's Charles Village neighborhood. The medical school, the nursing school, and the Bloomberg School of Public Health are located on the Medical Institutions campus in East Baltimore. The university also consists of the Peabody Institute, the Applied Physics Laboratory, the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, the School of Education, the Carey Business School, and various other facilities.Johns Hopkins was a founding member of the American Association of Universities. Johns Hopkins is often cited as among the top universities in the world. The university was ranked 10th among undergraduate programs at National Universities in U.S. News & World Report latest rankings, and 10th among global universities by U.S. News & World Report in its 2019 rankings, as well as 12th globally in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. Over the course of more than 140 years, 37 Nobel laureates and 1 Fields Medalist have been affiliated with Johns Hopkins. Founded in 1883, the Blue Jays men's lacrosse team has captured 44 national titles and joined the Big Ten Conference as an affiliate member in 2014.
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